To understand a proverb and an enigma, the words of the wise and their riddles. Proverbs 1:6
The verb "to Understand" means be intelligent, discreet, discerning, perceive, have understanding.
Proverb: sentences of ethical wisdom
Enigma: satire, a mocking poem
Words: saying, utterance, sentence, as a section of a discourse
Wise: principles and collections of wisdom
Riddles: allegorical and figurative sayings, perplexing saying or question
Know. Receive. Give. Hear. Increase Learning. Attain. All results in Understanding.
Proverbs 1:2-6 (NKJV)2 To know wisdom and instruction, to perceive the words of understanding,3 To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, judgment, and equity;4 To give prudence to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion—5 A wise man will hear and increase learning, and a man of understanding will attain wise counsel,6 To understand a proverb and an enigma, the words of the wise and their riddles.
In Proverbs 1:6, notice whose words you are to understand—The WISE. That is key. For if one listens to the unwise or fools, that will lead to—destruction (Proverbs 1:32).
How does one differentiate from wise and fools; for often the fools speak with "flowering words" or words that sound wonderful. First of all, one must develop a heart with a deep sense of reverence for God (Acts 9:31 MSG). That opens the heart to knowing, receiving, hearing, increasing in learning, and attaining. And that leads to fearing the Lord (Proverbs 1:7), but that verse will study next time.